Camel rumen is inhabited by a diverse of microorganisms, bacteria, archaea, protozoa and fungi; this microbial community has the main role in the rumen fermentation. Camel rumen’s microorganisms were not been targeted to be enough studied like cattle. The study of Camel rumen microorganisms will help to explain the Camel efficiency in Cellulolytic Material digestion which results in better exploitation and farming of Camel. The main objective of the current study is to investigate the density of the archaea and bacterial Community of Camel’s foregut by using Real time PCR. Microorganisms in rumen samples were collected from eleven animals, three camel groups were fed on Clover hay and concentrates mixture (R1) , green clover (R2) , and wheat straw (R3), the microbial community was studied in solid and liquid fraction . Camel group R3 has highest microbial density in comparison with R1 and R2. Changing camel diets has impacted the camel rumen’s microbial density in different degrees.


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